They can weigh anywhere between 700 and 1,600 pounds! In this article, we will be knowing about some very interesting facts about the polar bear , what do polar bears eat, their habitat, diet, behaviour and about many other factors which differentiate them from other bear species. You can opt-out at any time. Younger, leaner bears are the best runners. They are very strong swimmers, and their large front paws, which they use to paddle, are slightly webbed. Polar bears are huge! This partly explains their preference for still-hunting, which usually involves a long, patient wait for a seal to surface at a breathing hole in the sea ice. There is loads of information on polar bears including: where they live, what they eat, and how they grow. “I’ve come across polar bears sleeping (heavily!) They can grow to from 8 feet to 11 feet tall and about 8 feet long, and they can weigh in anywhere from 500 pounds to 1,700 pounds. This is the area that is north of the Arctic Circle, which lies at 66 degrees, 32 minutes North latitude. All these contribute to the longer lifespan of polar bears in captivity. A polar bear range map from the IUCN can be seen to view populations. This is why we commonly hear about their habitats being threatened; less ice, fewer places to thrive. info@pbears.org by Sarah Thomson is a great informational text that introduces polar bears and the Arctic. In the winter, temperatures in the Arctic are usually around minus 29 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 34 degrees Celsius) and can reach as low as minus 92 F (minus 69 C). An adult male of a polar bear, also known as boar, weighs approximately 772 to 1,543 pounds. The stream kicks off in late October, with a focus on amping up programming for Polar Bear … On a regional level in Canada, polar bears are listed as threatened in both Manitoba and Ontario under provincial endangered species legislation. Gulf of Boothia, Kane Basin, Lancaster Sound, M'Clintock Channel, Norwegian Bay, and the Viscount Melville Sound. Nanuq has been integral to indigenous Arctic culture. Where Do Polar Bears Live? Foraging and Eating. Polar bears are suited to cold areas because they have thick fur and a layer of fat that is 2 inches to 4 inches thick that keeps them warm despite the frigid temperatures. They need the fat from the seals to survive and prefer these types of high-fat creatures. These populations function as distinct management units and are spread out among five countries: Canada, the United States (Alaska), Greenland, Russia, and Norway. Polar bears live in the Arctic, near the North Pole. Sea ice formed locally and transported from other parts of the Arctic collects along the shore of these habitats, providing polar bears with access to seals over productive waters. Sometimes they swim below the ice to hunt, directly in the freezing water. We welcome all media inquiries. You can help polar bears in small ways by reducing your carbon footprint with activities such as walking, riding a bike or using public transportation instead of driving; combining errands so that you use your car less; conserving energy and water, and buying items locally to cut down on the environmental impacts of transportation. Ice is essential for the survival of polar bears. The size of a polar bear's range depends on two main factors: the quality of the sea ice and the availability of their seal prey. You can see live footage of polar bears in Manitoba. Polar bears respond to seasonal changes and the distribution of seals and sea ice. But the main reason they live in these cold areas is that that is where their prey resides. They lacked sufficient data on the status of the remaining nine. As the sea ice retreats farther and farther from shore in a warming Arctic, these polar bears are faced with a choice of coming ashore—and fasting until the ice returns in the fall—or swimming long, exhausting distances to reach the remaining pack ice. A mammal is an animal that has hair, is warm-blooded, and gives birth to live babies. If you want to see a polar bear in a completely non-native region, you can check out the polar bear camera from the San Diego Zoo. Status of these populations: Polar bears that live in these areas are at great risk—from longer and longer swims, prolonged fasting periods, and encounters with humans on shore. teaches children about polar bears in a fun and engaging way. Polar bears need an average of 2 kg (4.4 lb.) For questions concerning individual giving and corporate sponsorships, please contact us at Very big! Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. In the South, they have been spotted in Southern Labrador, Newfoundland, Norway, James Bay, Gulf of Saint Lawrence, and Bering Sea. Over the past 45 years, it has declined by 30%. . It allows scientists to make informed estimates about how a population is faring, based on the health and condition of well-studied populations within the same region or across various regions. Polar bears are distributed across the circumpolar Arctic. The polar bears can also be found in Greenland, Russia, and the US. Polar bears are able to gallop as fast as a horse over short distances but prefer to amble leisurely. The five countries on which the polar bears live are Canada, Russia, Norway, the United States (Alaska) and Denmark (Greenland). They are a species that is threatened by global warming. Where Do Polar Bears Live On Map? Although all polar bears live in the Arctic, they cluster around … They have been spotted as far as the North Pole. She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. Polar bears adapt very well to the cold. Polar bears are an ocean mammal. You may have seen polar bears in zoos, but do you know where these iconic marine mammals live in the wild? Adult males normally weigh 350 to more than 600 kilograms (775 to more than 1,300 pounds). Walking bears expend 13 times more energy than resting bears. There are 19 different populations of polar bears, and all live in the Arctic region. Human-polar bear interactions are expected to rise as ice melts. Polar bears live in countries that ring the Arctic Circle: Canada, Russia, the United States (in Alaska), Greenland and Norway. Where Do Polar Bears Live: This workbook is designed to accompany the Common Core exemplar text for 2nd grade informational texts [Where do Polar Bears Live by Sarah L. Thomson]. Adult females are smaller, normally weighing 150 to 295 kilograms (330 to 650 pounds). Islands in the Canadian High Arctic and Greenland are far enough north that sea ice remains along the coast even in summer, providing hunting grounds for the bears. . Polar bears are native to the countries above and occasionally are found in Iceland. Watch polar bears as they travel across the sea ice to hunt seals. The following four sea ice ecoregions differ in geography, status, sea ice levels, and vulnerability to climate change. Polar bears live alone, except for mothers who live with their cubs. Internationally, they are listed as a vulnerable species by the IUCN. Beneath all that thick fur,… A boar (adult male) weighs around 350–700 kg (770–1,540 lb), while a sow (adult female) is about half that size. Polar Bears: Polar bears are carnivorous bears and apex predators with a range largely confined to the Arctic. These are highly specialized animals, ideally adapted for living in the Arctic. Canada considers polar bears a species of special concern under the National Species at Risk Act. They … Polar bears can’t digest carbohydrates or proteins as well as brown bears do because they now rely on blubber for the majority of their calories. on the sea ice north of Svalbard a handful of times. For general questions regarding Polar Bears International and our work, please contact us at They can spend time on land and not just on ice banks, so long as there is access to food. Hibernating polar bears do not eat. Well known for their slow, plodding gait, polar bears walk at about five to six kilometers per hour. It’s the best tool for making comparisons. Polar Bears live mostly above the Arctic Circle (Northern Hemisphere). North America’s three bear species — black bears, grizzly bears and polar bears — don’t typically live in the same place. Still hunting. The range of polar bears is "limited by the southern extent of sea ice". They even make occasional visits to the Geographic North Pole, in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are not just one of the most beautiful animals in the world.They are also extremely interesting from a scientific perspective, as these bears live in the Arctic Circle and thus are adapted to survive in one of the most extreme climates in the world.. Have you ever wondered how do polar bears survive the cold of the Arctic Ocean? If you are a credentialed They live for 15 to 20 years. Polar Bear Habitat and Distribution. Should polar bears live in Antarctica they would have thrived in the same way as they do in the arctic. Polar bears roam the Arctic ice sheets and swim in that region's coastal waters. Seasonal ice areas occur at the southern extreme of the polar bear's range and include places like Canada's Hudson Bay, where the ice melts completely each summer and the bears must wait for freeze-up in the fall until they can hunt again. They stalk their prey by waiting patiently near holes in the ice. This book starts out a bit like a story by focusing on a mother polar bear and her cub. Polar bears are listed under a variety of classifications depending on international, national, and regional regulations. The illustrations make the book appear to be fiction. In these areas, sea ice forms along the shore and then retreats, especially in summer. Polar bears need access to sea ice in order to hunt seals, which are their preferred prey. Governments and scientists have designated 19 populations of polar bears based in four different sea ice regions in the Arctic. Research also shows that hope remains if action is taken to greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions soon. Those heights are typically 1-1.5 meters (3.3-5 feet) for adult polar bears. They have also been seen near the boundary between subarctic and humid continental climate zone. Some sea ice lies over productive hunting areas, and some ice regions will melt sooner than others in a warming Arctic. Because of this a polar bear's home range can be enormous—far greater than any other species of bear. Barents Sea, Chukchi Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, and the Southern Beaufort Sea. An adult male may reach over three meters (10 feet) when standing on its hind legs. The polar bear is a very interesting but vulnerable species of bear which live around the habitat of the Arctic Ocean. Unlike other large carnivores, polar bears don’t have territories, partly because their sea ice habitat is always moving and seasonally changing, expanding in winter and retreating in summer. The countries where Polar Bears live are: United States Alaska, Canada, Greenland(Denmark), Russia, Svalbard (Norway). Norwegian scientist Nils Oritsland showed us that polar bears expend more than twice the energy of most other mammals when walking or running, showing higher-than-average increases in temperature and in oxygen consumption. Polar bears weigh about 500 to 1,700 pounds, and they live the cold Arctic —in parts of Alaska, Canada, Denmark/Greenland, Norway, and Russia. Eastern Greenland, Northern Beaufort Sea, and the Queen Elizabeth Islands. Polar bears can be found across the Arctic from the U.S. (Alaska) and Canada to Russia, Greenland, and Norway (Svalbard). There have been a few sighting of these magnificent animals above the latitudinal meridian of 88°, which makes biologists believe they range all the way across the Arctic Circle and live as far south as James Bay in Canada. Of the 19 known polar bear subpopulations, two subpopulations are found in the James/Hudson Bay area, … However, they know of one satellite-tracked female that trekked 4,796 kilometers —from Alaska's Prudhoe Bay to Greenland to Canada's Ellesmere Island and back to Greenland. In food-rich areas, they have smaller home ranges and their habitat often overlaps with other bears. A polar bear on the Labrador Sea ice, off the coast of Canada. Scientists usually refer to how tall bears are by measuring them at the shoulder when on all fours. Scientists predict that as the Arctic continues to warm, two-thirds of the world's polar bears could disappear within this century. 60% of polar bears live in Canadian Territory. Home for polar bears is on the sea ice, where they hunt seals at open leads. The Arctic might be a bit too chilly for you or me to live there, but it is the perfect home for polar bears. Internationally, they are listed as a vulnerable species by the IUCN. Females with small cubs walk more slowly, about two-and-a-half to four kilometers per hour. Polar Bears International and Explore.org are re-starting their polar bear live cams for the season. They live in the Arctic region where the temperatures are low, the water is cold, and they are able to move around on thick sheets of ice. Polar bears cannot survive without sea ice. open. Polar bear fur is translucent, and only appears white because it reflects visible light. Polar bears feed on ice-loving species, such as seals (ringed and bearded seals are their favorites), and sometimes walruses and whales. Their skin and blubber are like a warm blanket. Polynya is an area of open water surrounded by sea-ice and is very important for polar bears. e-mail us at However, because ice located far offshore lies over less productive waters, bears in these areas may successfully complete a marathon swim yet still not find any seals to hunt. Here we take a look at the way polar bears make their moves across the sea ice. The sea ice is vast and ever-changing. Captive bears live longer lives because they are fed properly and on timely basis and they are given ideal environment. They live in up to 19 subpopulations. Polar bears prefer the areas where the sea-ice meets water. B-roll, captioned photos, or further information, please A ringed seal weighing 55 kg (121 lb.) For more details, see our Privacy Policy. Polar bears are listed under a variety of classifications depending on international, national, and regional regulations. of fat per day to obtain enough energy to survive. They are easy to recognize due to their white coat and dark eyes and nose. The population of the polar bear population is estimated at 20-25 thousand individuals. Let’s jump into the map and know the exact habitat of the polar … member of the media and seek to set up an interview or obtain Polar bears are the largest bear species. Status of these populations: Polar bears in seasonal ice areas are the most endangered, with longer and longer ice-free seasons testing the limits of their fat reserves. Polar bears are mostly found in the Arctic Circle, in places such as Alaska, Greenland, Norway and Russia. They do not hunt animals for they don’t need to. Baffin Bay, Davis Strait, Foxe Basin, Southern Hudson Bay, and Western Hudson Bay. Researchers in Canada estimated one male bear at 800 kilograms (1,700 pounds)! . Polar bears, also known as Ursus maritimus, are large carnivorous mammals native to the region lying within the Arctic Circle, which includes the Arctic Ocean and its surrounding seas and landmasses. That and the hollow shafts of … Polar bears are natural travelers in the Arctic. In Russia, polar bears are classified as a Red Data Book species, a listing … fundraising@pbears.org Polar bears can only be found in the areas surrounding the Arctic Ocean. media@pbears.org The closest land to the North Pole is over 800km (497 mi) … Polar bears are found in five nations across the Arctic: the U.S. (Alaska), Canada, Russia, Greenland, and Norway (Svalbard). They would have... Polar bears are not choosy hunters —they are opportunistic predators. Polar bears are found in five nations across the Arctic: the U.S. (Alaska), Canada, Russia, Greenland, and Norway (Svalbard). The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is a hypercarnivorous bear whose native range lies largely within the Arctic Circle, encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses.It is the largest extant bear species, as well as the largest extant land carnivore. Northern communities are involved in conservation efforts. The author relays a message that is very crucial for young readers to understand. could provide up to eight days of energy for a polar bear. The latest IUCN report estimates there are approximately 26,000 of them. They can eat over 100 pounds of blubber in one sitting and are incredible at assimilating the fat they eat into their own body fat. In the U.S., polar bears are listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. Scientists can only provide informed estimates. Ursus Maritimus means "sea bear". For example, there is a polar bear dressed up in a lab coat and a polar bear stepping on a scale at a doctor's office. The sea ice is vast and ever-changing. While rapid loss of sea ice is the primary threat to the polar bear’s long-term survival, other challenges include pollution, increased commercial use of the Arctic, overharvest, disease, and inadequate habitat protection (denning and seasonal resting areas). Polar bears are natural sprinters and can run as fast as 40 kilometers per hour—but only for short distances. Polar bears in regions with less sea ice and fewer seals may travel farther and have longer fasting periods. The polar bear has a thick layer of blubber around 4.5 inches thick. Scientists believe that most polar bears limit travel to home ranges of a few hundred miles. In Russia, polar bears are classified as a Red Data Book species, a listing that includes animals considered rare or endangered. Status of these populations: This ecoregion is likely to provide a last refuge for polar bears and their sea-ice prey, but ultimately it too is threatened, without action on climate change. Status of these populations: Polar bears in these areas are faring well now, but scientists predict that ice in these areas will disappear within 75 years—and, with it, resident polar bear populations—unless action is taken to reduce carbon emissions. Polar bears need a platform of sea ice to more easily reach their seal prey. Many people visit Yellowstone National Park just to get a glimpse of these magnificent beasts. In all cases, the primary conservation concern for polar bears is habitat loss and reduced access to their seal prey due to climate change. Roughly 60% of polar bears call Canada home. The fur between the pads of their paws keeps them from slipping on the ice. When a young polar bear grows up, it may travel more than 1,000 kilometers to set up a home range apart from its mother's, although this remains a scarcely studied topic, because tagging and tracking a quickly maturing animal is tricky. Knowing can help us help this threatened species survive. They can cover two kilometers without stopping, whereas older, larger bears will quickly overheat. Where to Go If You're Hoping to See a Polar Bear in the Wild, Fascinating Facts About Arctic Bearded Seal, Under the Ice: Understanding the Arctic Food Web, Fascinating Arctic Fox Facts (Vulpes lagopus), Animals Most Endangered by Global Warming, Harp Seal Facts (Pagophilus groenlandicus), A Geography and Overview of Earth's Arctic Region, M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University, Canada, including the provinces and territories of Manitoba, Newfoundland, Labrador, Quebec, Ontario, Nunavut, Northwest Territories, and Yukon Territory). Where to Go If You're Hoping to See a Polar Bear in the Wild United States (Alaska) Canada, including the provinces and territories of Manitoba, Newfoundland, Labrador, Quebec, Ontario, Nunavut, Northwest... Greenland/Denmark Norway Russian Federation You will find that the natural habitat for the Polar Bear is in the very cold areas of the world. While the majority of their living range is Alaska and Northwestern Canada, they are also found in small areas of the lower 48 states, including: Northwestern Montana, Yellowstone National Park, Northern Utah and a very small section of Northwestern Washington. A threat to polar bears and the sea ice they depend on. This is where the seals surface, and therefore where the polar bears can hunt. Because of this a polar bear's home range can be enormous—far greater than any other species of bear. They can also sniff out where seal dens are for another means to find food. Penguins live on Antarctica and the neighbouring continents, near the South Pole. But, not all sea ice is equal. 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