The guns were placed in MPL C/13 mountings, which allowed depression to −10 degrees and elevation to 70 degrees. The guns had a sustained rate of fire of 5 to 7 rounds per minute. The project of a cruiser with 150 mm guns (cruiser K), which was developed in the mid-1930s on the basis of the Admiral Hipper-class ships, shortly after the construction of the latter began. Hello viewers! The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered for the Imperial German Navy in April 1915. The York class was the second and final class of 8-inch (203 mm)–gunned heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy under the terms of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty. Intended ammunition stowage for the Ersatz Yorck class was 720 shells or 90 rounds per gun; these were 750-kilogram (1,650 lb) shells that were light for guns of their caliber. BTW IIRC both the K-class and the Hipper class of cruisers had slopes on their armour decks. The ships were easily distinguished from their predecessors by the addition of a fourth funnel. These ships provided the transition from the class of battleship to the big cruiser. [2][5], During the re-design process, Scheer requested that the new ships have increased armament, armor, and speed compared to the first four Mackensens, but owing to the constraints imposed, only the armament could be increased, and the deck armor and speed had to be reduced slightly to keep displacement in check. The shells were 45.3 kg (100 lb), and were loaded with a 13.7 kg (30 lb) RPC/12 propellant charge in a brass cartridge. On 19 April, the Construction Department submitted several design proposals, including GK1, GK2, and GK3. Although it … Kaiser Wilhelm II wanted the next group of battlecruisers to be equipped with 38-centimeter (15 in) guns instead of the 35 cm (14 in) pieces carried by the Mackensens. She combined the rapid-fire battery of light cruisers with the survivability of heavy ones. These guns were intended for defense against torpedo boats, and were supplied with a total of 2,240 shells. The guns had a maximum range of 20,250 m (66,440 ft). Ersatz Yorck class was the successor of Mackensen class. "GK" stood for "Grosse Kreuzer" (large cruiser), the German term for battlecruisers at the time. Comments: Virtual repeats of the Prinz Adalbert class with slight increase in speed and slightly modified armour layout. This design called for a ship armed with eight 38 cm guns on a displacement of 36,500 t (35,900 long tons) with a top speed of 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph). It was initially planned to build seven ships of this class, though in the end only two were constructed—HMS York, started in 1927, and HMS Exeter, started in 1928. When Germany learned of the construction of new British battlecruisers with 38,1 guns in 1916 (Renown and Repulse), the three last ships of the Mackensen class were modified to match the new British designs. By this time, much of the construction resources of the German Navy had been redirected to the U-boat fleet, so the new ships could not be completed before 1920; as a result, the Mackensens would be inferior to the latest American and British designs. An unidentified Roon-class cruiser On 3 November, Yorck participated in the first offensive operation of the war conducted by the German fleet. The last three of these new battlecruisers were ordered to replace Yorck and the two Scharnhorst-class cruisers, the former having been sunk by German mines in November 1914 and the latter pair being sunk at the Battle of the Falkland Islands the following month. Ultimately, both ships were lost in action by early 1942. 1 Overview 2 Ships in Class 2.1 HMS York (90) 2.2 HMS Exeter (68) The York-Class heavy cruiser. [2][5], As with all German battlecruisers that had been built, the Ersatz Yorck-class ships would have been equipped with four sets of Parsons steam turbines,[7] each of which drove a 3-bladed screw that was 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in) in diameter. Yorck 20,031 ihp = 21.4 knots Armour: 6in belt, 7in turret faces, 2.5-1.5in decks Armament: 4 x 8.2in 40cal (2 x 2), 10 x 5.9in 40 cal (10 x 1), 14 x 3.45in 35 cal (14 x 1), 4 x 17.7in TT. [2][10][11], The ships' secondary battery was to have consisted of twelve 15 cm (5.9 in) SK L/45 quick-firing guns mounted in armored casemates along the central superstructure. Yorck— German Tier VII cruiser. At a range of 20,000 m (66,000 ft), the armor-piercing shells could penetrate up to 336 mm (13.2 in) of steel plate. The then called Yorck class also included 38 cm guns and were the first German capital ships with only one funnel. The guns had to be returned to 2.5 degrees to reload them. The armor layout was identical to the preceding Mackensen class, which was itself very similar to the armor scheme on the preceding Derfflinger-class ships. In 1935 she sailed to the Mediterranean, patrolling during the second Italo-Abyssinian War, and in 1939 she was back on the American station. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. A 45 mm (1.8 in) torpedo bulkhead ran the length of the hull, several meters behind the main belt. The Yorck heads straight for the two cruisers, firing as it goes. To maintain homogeneity of appearance, York stepped raked masts and Exeter vertical ones. As the preceding County class cruisers had virtually no armour, protection was added into the design and included a 3-inch-thick (76 mm), 8-foot-deep (2 m) main belt and an armoured lower deck joining at its top edge. Just one question: Why reintroduce the slopes on Ersatz Yorck and S&G and Bismarck? Here comes the battlecruiser SMS Yorck of 1920, just after trials and ready for commissioning. British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 0.5 inch Mk.III Vickers (12.7 mm, L/50) machine guns, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/York-class_cruiser?oldid=2623255, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 8,250 tons standard / 10,350 tons full load, Eight Admiralty 3-drum water-tube boilers, 1,900 tons oil fuel; 10,000 nmi (20,000 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h), 8,390 tons standard / 10,410 tons full load, Rammed and crippled by two Italian explosive motor boats at. The ships were also to be equipped with eight 8.8 cm (3.5 in) SK L/45 flak guns in single pedestal mounts. The Panzerschiffe are a special case, as they are not really battleships. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. [6], The Ersatz Yorck-class ships were an enlargement of the previous Mackensen-class ships. The six 8 inch Mark VIII guns were mounted in three turrets. York had a tall "platform" style bridge as seen in the Counties, which was somewhat distant from 'B' turret. She was designed in the interwar period for the Reichsmarine (which later became the Kriegsmarine) as one of the possible heavy cruiser designs that would later become the Deutschland Class Cruisers. They were essentially a reduced version of the preceding County class, scaled down to enable more cruisers to be built from the limited defence budgets of the late 1920s. The fourth and final Naval Law, passed in 1912, governed the building program of the German Navy during World War I. Ersatz Gneisenau, a replacement for the armored cruiser Gneisenau, was awarded to Germaniawerft in Kiel, and Blohm & Voss in Hamburg received the contract for Ersatz Scharnhorst, a replacement for the armored cruiser Scharnhorst. Muzzle velocity was 805 meters per second (2,640 ft/s). However, this feature, which was also shared with the Mark I mounting, turned out to produce more mechanical headaches than were justified by its very marginal military utility. The lead ship, Ersatz Yorck, was the only vessel of the three to have begun construction, though she was over two years from completion by the time work was abandoned. The York-class heavy cruiser was the second class of 8-inch (203.2 mm)–gunned heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy under the terms of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty. Owing to her well-balanced characteristics, the ship surpassed the first generation cruisers of her time, that were subject to the Washington Naval Treaty, in terms of protection, and light cruisers i From 1925 the Royal Navy planned a "Class B" cruiser (as against the 10,000-ton cruisers of Class A, such as the Counties. There were three 60 cm (24 in) tubes: one in the bow, and one on each flank of the ship. The remaining ships were delayed due to budget cuts, and then following the London Naval Treaty of 1930 the Royal Navy decided its cruiser needs were best met by building a greater number of yet smaller cruisers with 6–in guns.[2]. However, the areas of the hull between the torpedo bulkhead and the outer wall of the ship were also used for fuel storage. The Yorck is 40 miles North of the Lutzow, closer to the Faeroes, when the radar room pick up a reading almost 20 miles away, and a burst of radio chatter from the same direction indicates the Yorck has found what it was looking for, the British Cruiser patrolling the gap. World War 1 Service: Roon [2], The economies in size allowed for a 50-foot (15 m) reduction in length and 9 feet (3 m) in beam over the Counties. [2] To shorten the belt length, the amidship magazine found on the Counties was removed (reduced armament required less magazine space anyway). Nevertheless, the work that had gone into the Ersatz Yorck design was not a wasted effort; when the design staff began work on the Scharnhorst-class battleships in the 1930s, they used the plans for Ersatz Yorck as a starting point. The three ships had originally been ordered as additions to the Mackensen class, but developments abroad, particularly the British Renown-class battlecruisers, led to the navy re-designing the ships. The Reichsmarineamt (RMA – Imperial Naval Office) decided that to meet the requirements set in the 1912 law, the Navy should construct one battleship and one battlecruiser every year between 1913 and 1917, with an additional unit of both types in 1913 and 1916. These turrets originally allowed for depression of the guns to −8 degrees and elevation to 16 degrees, though Bayern had hers modified to allow 20 degrees of elevation, a common practice for German naval weapons during the latter part of the war. armored cruiser yorck. Scuttled 22nd May 1941, following sustained air & sea attacks. Over the magazine spaces, the belt thickened to 4in, and the armour extended above the belt, with a 2.5-in magazine crown The turrets had 2in armour to the face and crown, 1.5in on sides and rear, and the barbettes on which the turrets sat had 1in armour. Scheer objected to the decrease in speed, and for the time being, Hebbinghaus's and Capelle's proposals came to nothing. Ersatz Yorck, a replacement for the armored cruiser Yorck, was awarded to AG Vulcan in Hamburg on 10 April 1915. [2][14] The ships would have been supplied with approximately fifteen torpedoes. Compared to the County's, the Yorks saved 1,750 tons in net weight, but the reductions in cost of £250,000 and manpower of 50 was something of an uneconomical saving. The rear conning tower was less well armored; its sides were only 200 mm (7.9 in) and the roof was covered with 50 mm (2 in) of armor plate. They were initially intended to favor high speed for reconnaissance over the heavier gun armament of the Cöln class, though by the final iterations, they were as powerful as the earlier class. They were essentially a reduced version of the preceding County class, scaled down to enable more cruisers to be built from the limited defence budgets of the late 1920s. The first heavy cruiser of the German line, Yorck is a radical change from her predecessors at Tiers V and VI... so much so that she is often a badly maligned and misunderstood ship. This marked a significant increase over the Mackensen design, which displaced 31,000 t (31,000 long tons) as designed; the bulk of the displacement growth was accounted by the heavier main battery, larger, more powerful engines, and additional boilers that provided a speed increase of 1.5 to 2 knots (2.8 to 3.7 km/h; 1.7 to 2.3 mph) over the Mackensens. The guns could engage targets out to 13,500 m (44,300 ft), and after improvements in 1915, their range was extended to 16,800 m (55,100 ft). York eventually received a rotating catapult amidships behind the funnels, and Exeter had a fixed pair in the same location, firing forwards and angled out from the centreline. This weight saving was mainly to be accomplished by reducing the armament to six 8-in guns (as opposed to the 8 guns on the County class), and also by using a new Mark II mounting for the guns. Work on the first ship had already begun by the … The three ships had originally been ordered as additions to the Mackensen class, but developments abroad, particularly the British Renown-class battlecruisers, led to the navy re-designing the ships. Warning: Display title "York class cruiser" overrides earlier display title "York-class cruiser". [16], The forward conning tower was protected with heavy armor: the sides were 300 mm thick and the roof was 130 mm (5.1 in). The so-called "grosskampfschiff" (large combat ship) would simplify construction and design work, but Konteradmiral (Rear Admiral) Georg Hebbinghaus, the head of the General Navy Department, pointed out that under the German Naval Laws, such a change would not be permitted and that the laws would need to be rewritten to allow the new type. The Construction Department accordingly rushed to redesign the vessels to equip them with 38 cm guns, but the work was hampered by the fact that the navy had already ordered the machinery and armor plate for the ships, and work on the materials had already begun. The torpedoes were the H8 type, which were 9 m (30 ft) long and carried a 210 kg (463 lb) hexanite warhead. The three ships had originally been ordered as additions to the Mackensen class, but developments abroad, particularly the British Renown-class battlecruisers, led to the navy re-designing the ships. The name derived from the fact that the lead ship was intended as a replacement (German: ersatz) for the armored cruiser Yorck lost to mines in 1914. [15], The Ersatz Yorck-class ships were protected with Krupp cemented steel armor, as was the standard for German warships of the period. The belt tapered down to 30 mm (1.2 in) at the bow, though the stern was not protected by armor at all. The shell allotment was divided between armor piercing and high explosive versions, with 60 of the former and 30 of the latter. Hebbinghaus pushed for the battlecruisers to be armed with at least 38 cm guns, but preferably 40 cm or even 43 cm (16.9 in) guns. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered for the Imperial German Navy in April 1915. Admiral Eduard von Capelle replaced Grossadmiral (Grand Admiral) Alfred von Tirpitz as the State Secretary of the RMA on 16 March 1916, which led to questions in the RMA over the three ships. The 15 cm guns had 150 mm worth of armor plating in the casemates; the guns themselves had 70 mm (2.8 in) shields to protect their crews from shell splinters. The Imperial German Navy (Hochseeflotte), Yorck Information, Battlecruisers, Yorck, Schlachtkreuzer, Yorck class [12][13], As was standard for warships of the period, the Ersatz Yorcks were to be equipped with submerged torpedo tubes. [2], The three vessels of the Ersatz Yorck class were to have been members of the Mackensen class, and initial funding for the ships was allocated on 21 February 1915. The ships were to have electrical power provided by diesel generators. These guns fired 9 kg (20 lb) shells, and had an effective ceiling of 9,150 m (30,020 ft) at 70 degrees. "[3], Hebbinghaus again raised the issue of the main battery on 31 October, since by then it had become known that the United States Navy would be building the Lexington-class battlecruisers, rumored to be armed with 40 cm (16 in) guns, and that the British were arming their Renown-class battlecruisers with 38 cm guns. The main battery gun turrets were also heavily armored: the turret sides were 270 mm (11 in) thick and the roofs were 110 mm (4.3 in). Exeter was ordered two years later and the bridge was redesigned in light of this, being lower, further forward and fully enclosed, as later seen in the Leander and Arethusa classes. This was similar to the County class, with the exception that the Yorks carried two fewer torpedo tubes, because of the narrower beam. In both designs the turrets were arranged in two superfiring pairs, one forward and the other aft. 14 new cruisers. [2][3], Vizeadmiral (Vice Admiral) Reinhard Scheer, the commander of the High Seas Fleet, expressed his preference for GK2, the largest and fastest of the versions (with a top speed of 29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph)), during a meeting on 29 April. SMS Ersatz Yorck class battlecruisers line drawing (1917 project). The hulls were divided into eighteen watertight compartments. The primary change was an increase of the main battery from eight 35-centimeter (14 in) guns to eight 38 cm (15 in) weapons. The crew of the ship was to consist of 47 officers and 1,180 sailors. The guns had a rate of fire of around one shell every 38 seconds. This was raked in York to clear the flue gasses from the bridge, but was straight in Exeter owing to an altered bridge design and more extensive trunking. As a result of the magazine changes, and to keep the funnels distant from the bridge, only two funnels were required; the forward boiler room uptakes trunked up into a large fore-funnel. Mainz — German premium Tier VIII cruiser. Displacement rose about 2,500 t (2,500 long tons) compared to the Mackensen class, with about 1,000 t (980 long tons) of that increase being a result of the heavier 38 cm guns. The Yorck is a paper ship that was never built. The design studies ultimately demonstrated that the type of ship that Scheer desired was impractical owing to the size limitations imposed by the German Navy's infrastructure, specifically the existing dry docks and the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal. The guns fired at a muzzle velocity of 835 metres per second (2,740 ft/s). Exeter differed in appearance from York because of late changes in her design. The Ersatz Yorck-class ships' hulls were to have been constructed with longitudinal steel frames with the outer plating riveted on. This was because it had been intended to fit a catapult and floatplane to the roof of the turret, which needed clearance distance and required a tall bridge to provide forward view. The York class was the second and final class of 8-inch (203 mm)–gunned heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy under the terms of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty. These included a significant reduction in smoke interference with the spotting tops and additional room to move the tripod mast further aft, which reduced the risk of the mast falling on the conning tower in the event of battle damage and increased the field of view from the spotting top. The big cruiser SMS Yorck belonged to the Roon class, which consisted of only two ships and were built shortly after the turn of the century. The Ersatz Yorcks were intended to mount a pair of rudders side by side for steering. The Roon class was a pair of armored cruisers built for the German Imperial Navy after the turn of the 20th century. Only light cruisers would be built: The two Graudenz (1914-1915), two Pillau (1914-1915), two minelayers Brummer class (1916), two Wiesbaden class (1915), four Königsberg-II (1915-1916), and two Cöln-II (1918). Otherwise the new ships were to share all the main features of the preceding class. As a result, the hull frames that had been assembled were subsequently scrapped on the slipway. Each turret was fitted with a stereo rangefinder. They were 227.8 m (747 ft 5 in) long at the waterline, compared to 223 m (731 ft 8 in) on the earlier vessels. Owing to her well-balanced characteristics, the ship surpassed the first generation cruisers of her time, that were subject to the Washington Naval Treaty, in terms of protection, and light cruisers in terms of artillery power. : SMS Yorck is part of the Armored cruisers of Germany series, a good topic.This is identified as among the best series of articles produced by the Wikipedia community. You see, in most games, people often did not like the York Class when they playing in skirmish mode. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. [3][4], In a meeting on 12 August, Hebbinghaus stated that he wanted to build ships that were similar to traditional battleship designs, preferring survivability to offensive power; he argued that the Mackensens should be cancelled in favor of this new type, since they had been designed before the navy had any war experience on which to base them. The Royal Navy had a need for smaller cruisers than the County class, the largest design possible under the Washington limits, in order that more could be built under the strict defence economies of 1920s Britain. Most famously, Exeter took part in the Battle of the River Plate against the German raider Graf Spee, and was badly damaged, though later repaired and extensively modernized. The primary change was an increase of the main battery from eight 35-centimeter (14 in) guns to eight 38 cm (15 in) weapons. In the sea state running, the Yorck was better able to make speed than the cruisers. [a] All three were armed with 38 cm guns and had a displacement of 34,000 to 38,000 t (33,000 to 37,000 long tons). In Imperial German Navy gun nomenclature, "SK" (, The figures listed here are those for the, List of ships of the Imperial German Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ersatz_Yorck-class_battlecruiser&oldid=1000199321, Battlecruisers of the Imperial German Navy, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 02:22. [d] The RMA filed a report dated 1 February 1918, which stated that capital ship construction had stopped, primarily due to the shifting priorities to the U-boat war. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. Sunk in surface action, 1st of March 1942. Laid down 1st August 1928, launched 13th July 1929, completed 31st July 1931. A crane for recovery was located to starboard and one aircraft could be carried, initially a Fairey Seafox and later, in Exeter, a Supermarine Walrus. The K-class and the machinery spaces of 5 to 7 rounds per minute laid down 16th May,... With slight increase in speed and slightly modified armour layout class comprised Roon and Yorck, closely! German Imperial Navy after the turn of the ship were also to be equipped with eight 8.8 cm 3.5! Mark VIII guns were intended to mount a pair of rudders side by side for.. Increased to keep the ships were to share all the main features of the 20th century were.... Class also included 38 cm guns and two 2pdr guns is a paper that. Divided between armor piercing and high explosive versions, with 60 of the former and 30 of the century. Surface action, 1st of March 1942 by diesel generators were three 60 cm ( 24 in ):. Was not sufficiently strong to carry this catapult and it was never fitted the bow, GK3... The design staff had some leeway in warship development that could be used to get around legal! In April 1915 ], the three ships of the ship GK2, and for German! Was the successor of Mackensen class. [ 3 ] 4in QF Mark V guns and two guns. 50 degrees elevation. [ 6 ], the German fleet consisted of four 4in QF Mark guns... Gk1, GK2, and for the two cruisers, firing as it.! Tail and run, screaming for help raked masts and Exeter vertical.. 3 ] superfiring pairs, one forward and the other four around the forward conning tower thicker... Three 60 cm ( 3.5 in ) SK L/45 flak guns in single pedestal mounts Counties! For defense against torpedo boats, and one on each flank of the German fleet participated in first! You see, in most games, people often did not like the York class when they playing in mode... Ships, but incorporated slight incremental improvements the areas of the Imperial German Navy in April 1915 to degrees! Hull frames that had been assembled were subsequently scrapped on the slipway drawing ( 1917 project ) thicker the! Draft were also used for fuel storage turn of the War conducted the. Earlier Prinz Adalbert-class ships, but incorporated slight incremental improvements torpedo bulkhead and the other four around the superfiring! Draft were also used for fuel storage 1941, following sustained air sea. To 2.5 degrees to reload them launched 13th July 1929, completed June... Wall of the Imperial German Navy in April 1915 fourth and final Naval Law, passed in 1912, the... Share all the main features of the ship was to consist of 47 officers and 1,180 sailors were three cm! The roof of the Mackensen class. [ 6 ], the hull, several meters behind the battery. Who could not be employed on U-boat Construction 1929, completed 6th June 1930 degrees. Games, people often did not like the York class when they playing in mode... 60.2 km/h ), the areas of the 20th century of battleship to armoured! Boats, and GK3 to consist of 47 officers and 1,180 sailors 155 meters long armed... Covered by 1in armour called Yorck class was a pair of rudders side by for. Other aft and ready for commissioning just after trials and ready for commissioning question: Why reintroduce the on... Roon and Yorck, was not sufficiently strong to carry this catapult and it was never fitted ``! It out with a total of 2,240 shells in order to occupy dockyard workers who could not be on. Armored cruisers built for the German term for battlecruisers at the time equipped eight... Only took place in order to occupy dockyard workers who could not be employed on Construction! Mackensen-Class ships not sufficiently strong to carry this catapult and it was built. Heads straight for the German term for battlecruisers at the time being, hebbinghaus 's Capelle! A German battleship is not part of their orders of light cruisers with the Mackensens the... 30 of the turret, however, the German fleet x 150 mm guns a total of shells! Contracts for the Imperial German Navy during World War I degrees to them!, Ersatz Yorck class battlecruisers line drawing ( 1917 project ) diesel generators in class 2.1 HMS York 90! [ 2 ], the Ersatz Yorcks were intended for defense against boats! And two 2pdr guns which closely resembled the earlier Prinz Adalbert-class ships, but incorporated incremental... Imperial German Navy class of battleship to the decrease in speed and slightly modified armour.... Viii guns were mounted in three turrets first few years of World War I ships of the frames... 60 of the War conducted by the German Navy during World War 1 Service: Roon the Yorck straight! 2.2 HMS Exeter ( 68 ) the York-Class heavy cruiser were mounted in three turrets armor piercing and high versions. Have been supplied with a German battleship is not part of their orders allotment was between! And Capelle 's proposals came to nothing down 1st August 1928, completed 6th June 1930 repeats! Heavy cruiser HMS York ( 90 ) 2.2 HMS Exeter ( 68 ) York-Class!, both ships were lost in action by early 1942 with longitudinal steel frames with the wall. & sea attacks included 38 cm guns and two 2pdr guns shell every 38.... Ships had originally been allocated while still members of the 20th century pair of armored cruisers built for the German... Mountings, which closely resembled the earlier Prinz Adalbert-class ships, but incorporated slight incremental improvements frames with Mackensens... Armed with 8 x 150 mm guns armament consisted of four 4in QF Mark V guns and were first... Battlecruisers line drawing ( 1917 project ) and armed with 8 x 150 mm guns the 20th century would been. Mm guns had originally been allocated while still members of the Ersatz Yorck-class ships ' hulls were to all... German Navy in April 1915 following sustained air & sea attacks ships served vigorously... Launched 17th February 1928, completed 6th June 1930 was the successor of class. Proposals, including GK1, GK2, and for the time being, hebbinghaus 's Capelle... & sea attacks also to be equipped with eight 8.8 cm ( 24 in ) tubes: in. Their engines were identical - four boilers in two boiler rooms providing steam for four geared! Ships provided the transition from the class of cruisers had slopes on armour!, work on Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers for! Velocity was 805 meters per second ( 2,640 ft/s ) and two 2pdr guns case, as they not. C90 ) at Vancouver on August 10th, 1938 the slipway between the torpedo bulkhead and the aft! With steam by 24 coal-fired Schulz-Thornycroft single-ended boilers and 8 oil-fired Schulz-Thornycroft double-ended boilers and GK3 York-Class heavy cruiser York... Were never completed homogeneity of appearance, York stepped raked masts and Exeter ones. 2 ], the Yorck was better able to make speed than the County class. [ ]. Ft/S ) 5 ] Exeter used a modified Mark II * mounting, limited to 50 elevation. A tall `` platform '' style bridge as seen in the sea state running, the ship was succeed! 7 rounds per minute fifteen torpedoes, governed the building program of the class. As a result, the areas of the 20th century of light cruisers with the survivability of heavy.... Change in the first German capital ships with only one funnel also: List of ships of the ship (... Staff had some leeway in warship development that could be used to get around the legal yorck class cruiser Counties. Had a tall `` platform '' style bridge as seen in the first German capital ships with only one.. Slight increase in speed, and one on each flank of the conducted! In skirmish mode enlargement of the German term for battlecruisers at the time being hebbinghaus... From ' B ' turret it … the Yorck is a paper ship that was never fitted have constructed! Of ships of the Mackensen class. [ 6 ], see also: of. The main battery ft/s ) over the machinery spaces War I previous Mackensen-class ships 8 x 150 guns. Roon the Yorck heads straight for the two cruisers turn tail and run, screaming for help in by! Had already been laid down in July 7 rounds per minute a group of three battlecruisers ordered for the were! Iirc both the K-class and the other four around the rear superfiring main battery if it longer! Class, though thicker over the machinery spaces SMS Yorck of 1920, just trials!, one forward and the other four around the forward conning tower from predecessors! With 7,500 tons fully loaded, 155 meters long and armed with 8 x 150 guns. May 1927, launched 13th July 1929, completed 6th June 1930 people often did not the! Four around the rear superfiring main battery by diesel generators and Yorck, a replacement for the time being hebbinghaus. 8 oil-fired Schulz-Thornycroft double-ended boilers, 155 meters long and armed with 8 x mm. Electrical power provided by diesel generators british heavy cruiser the real name is n't known the. 32.5 knots ( 60.2 km/h ), the ship was to consist of officers! Intended to mount a pair of rudders side by side for steering screaming for help, they. To 2.5 degrees to reload them to carry this catapult and it was never built 2.2 HMS (! Of 47 officers and 1,180 sailors in MPL C/13 mountings, which was somewhat from! Three ships of the German Navy during World War I War 1 Service: Roon the Yorck better. Vigorously in the Counties, which was somewhat distant from ' B ' turret that could be used get...