The Defendant has the ability to file a counter-complaint against the Plaintiff. In most English-speaking jurisdictions, including Hong Kong, Nigeria, Australia, Canada and the United States, as well as in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, the legal term "plaintiff" is used as a general term for the party taking action in a civil case. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In a courtroom, the plaintiff is the person or group who is accusing another person or group of some wrongdoing. A defendant may be a private person, a company, an institution or rarely, a government entity. defendant definition: 1. a person in a law case who is accused of having done something illegal 2. a person in a law case…. Plaintiff is a noun that means the person who brings a suit.In other words, this is the person who is accusing another of some wrongdoing in a court of law, or in a lawsuit. “The defendant pleads not guilty,” said Alistair’s attorney. The Defendant typically responds to a complaint filed by the Plaintiff by way of an answer either accepting or denying the charges in the complaint or bringing a counter-charge against the Plaintiff. As an adjective appellant is (legal) of or relating to appeals. : a person or group against whom a criminal or civil action is brought : someone who is being sued or accused of committing a crime if the jury finds the defendant not guilty — compare plaintiff defendant Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree. plaintiff definition: 1. someone who makes a legal complaint against someone else in court 2. someone who makes a legal…. In June 1996, the First and Second Defendants brought a subsidiary action against the First Joined Defendant (the main contractor in the construction of the Project) in the same case claiming damages equal to the amount that the First and Second Defendants would be ordered to pay to the Plaintiff should the Plaintiff succeed in its claim. The person defending or denying; the party against whom relief or recovery is sought in an action or suit, or the accused in a criminal case. Defendant Definition: The individual, company or organization who defends a legal action taken by a plaintiff and against whom the court has been asked to order damages or specific corrective action redress some type of unlawful or improper action alleged by the plaintiff. What is the difference between Plaintiff and Defendant? A defendant or their attorney has 21 days after the day they received the summons to serve on the plaintiff or their attorney a reply to the summons. One is called a civil suit seeking civil redressal. The defendant is the person who must defend himself against a civil suit. ‘The plaintiffs alleged trespass and the defendants claimed that they had a profit of grazing.’ ‘The claimant and all three defendants were represented at the hearing of the application.’ ‘Both the claimants and the defendants are in business for the purpose of making a profit.’ Even many legal professionals advocate for simplifying legal English. Where Did The Strange Expression “Hair Of The Dog” Come From? “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. As mentioned above, in a criminal case , the Defendant is also the accused that means the person who is charged with committing the crime. Formerly, in the equity courts of common law, the defendant was always called the respondent. What does plaintiff mean? The plaintiff hoped that the judge would rule in his favor, so that he could win the money he believed that the defendant … We will look at the meanings of the words plaintiff and defendant, as well as their origins and some examples of their use in sentences. The Defendant typically responds to a complaint filed by the Plaintiff by way of an answer either accepting or denying the charges in the complaint or bringing a counter-charge against the Plaintiff. Plaintiff, the party who brings a legal action or in whose name it is brought—as opposed to the defendant, the party who is being sued. It is applied to an equity petitioner in jurisdictions in which law and equity are merged. The defendant must also file the response with the court. Sergeant Talfourd was for plaintiff, and Mr. "Plaintiff" is the term used in civil cases in most English-speaking jurisdictions, the notable exception being England and Wales, where a plaintiff has, since the introduction of the Civil Procedure Rules in 1999, been known as a "claimant", but that term also has other meanings. • A Defendant is the person who is being sued by the Plaintiff. Defendant definition: A defendant is a person who has been accused of breaking the law and is being tried in... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples n. the party who initiates a lawsuit by filing a complaint with the clerk of the court against the defendant(s) demanding damages, performance and/or court determination of rights. The word plaintiff is related to the adjective plaintive and the verb complain, which can all be traced back to a Latin verb that means to beat one’s chest in lamentation. Word Forms +-singular: defendant: plural: defendants: DEFINITIONS 1. Fortunately, there is an easy trick to remember plaintiff vs. defendant. Petitioners; The petitioner is the party who presents a petition to the court. Definition of plaintiff in the Definitions.net dictionary. These documents, along with all other documents filed with the court in the course of a lawsuit or criminal trial are referred to as “pleadings.” The Complaint outlines the civil or criminal wrongs that the Defendant is accused of committing, and tells the court what relief the Plaintiff desires. a person who brings suit in a court (opposed to, (formerly) a person who brings a civil action in a court of law, After Hobby Lobby, These 82 Corporations Could Drop Birth Control Coverage, Why the Crisis in VA Hospitals Shames Our Country on Memorial Day, The NBA’s War With Donald Sterling Is Just Getting Started, Serbia and Croatia’s Competing Genocide Claims, McCutcheon v. FEC: Big Money Fights Back at the Supreme Court. The respondent can be either the plaintiff or the defendant from the court, as either party can appeal the decision thereby making themselves the petitioner and their adversary the respondent. 1. someone who has been accused of a crime and is on trial or has had a legal claim brought against them in a civil court. This is the beginning of a lawsuit in both state and federal courts. The person suing is the plaintiff and the person against whom the suit is brought is the defendant. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary In context|legal|lang=en terms the difference between plaintiff and respondent is that plaintiff is (legal) a party bringing a suit in civil law against a defendant; accusers while respondent is (legal) person who answers for the defendant in a case before a court in some legal systems, when one appeals a criminal case, one names the original court as defendant, but the state is the respondent. This is the essential question; for the object of a plaintiff is to obtain not judgment but payment or execution. Defendant can also be an adjective, where it means interested in protecting oneself, but this usage is not limited to legal contexts. As mentioned above, in a criminal case , the Defendant is also the accused that means the person who is charged with committing the crime. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples the party who institutes a suit in court, opposed to defendant. Mr. In both civil and criminal proceedings, the action begins when the Plaintiff files a Summons and Complaint against the Defendant. (See: complaint, defendant, petitioner) > Plaintiff Meaning & Legal Definition In a lawsuit, the plaintiff is the party who alleges wrongdoing by another and seeks a legal remedy for damages. The plaintiff in a court case is the person who has filed a complaint/charges against the defendant for prosecution by the courts, while the defendant is the person who is refuting the charges and is seeking to prove their innocence. The party that institutes a suit in a court. plaintiff. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. One of the critical differences between a plaintiff and defendant in a civil case is that the plaintiff is generally charged with the burden of proving the allegations. In some cases, the plaintiff is known as the “Petitioner,” and the defendant is known as the “Respondent.” To explore this concept, consider the following plaintiff definition. A defendant has charges brought up against him or her. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins 3:18. n. Law The party against which an action is brought. See more. If you have any future trouble remember the meaning of plaintiff or defendant, you can check back with this article for reference. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer Liability For Changing Boarding Gate David Renfro, Oregon Community Credit Union, Jean Renfro, occupants of 2256 Pierce St.: Plaintiff alleges breach of contract.   Information and translations of plaintiff in the most comprehensive … Dictionary.com Unabridged defendant at plaintiff. According to John, representing plaintiffs is much more challenging than representing defendants. Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "plaintiff"): petitioner; suer (someone who petitions a court for redress of a grievance or recovery of a right) Antonym: defendant (a person or institution against whom an action is brought in a court of law; the person being sued or accused) The word defendant was first recorded in English in the 14th century. There are different legal proceedings filed in courts. It means that the court is entering a judgment in favor of the defendant; this often happens in cases where there are counter-claims against the plaintiff for which the court finds in favor of the defendant. All rights reserved. A plaintiff who does not receive resolution must take the case to the UN Security Council. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Define defendant. What is the Difference Between a Plaintiff and a Defendant - … Grille – What’s the Difference? –, “Objection, your honor!” said Max’s attorney, “this trial has nothing to do with the plaintiff’s romantic entanglements.”. The party that institutes a suit in a court. defendant definition in English dictionary, defendant meaning, synonyms, see also 'dependant',defeat',defend',Descendant'. Could of or Could Have – Which is Correct? A plaintiff is sometimes called a petitioner. charge. If you have any future trouble remember the meaning of plaintiff or defendant, you can check back with this article for reference. The defendant must also file the response with the court. If you are confused by legalese, you join a well-populated group of talented writers. The Plaintiff and the Defendant are the parties involved in a lawsuit. A defendant or their attorney has 21 days after the day they received the summons to serve on the plaintiff or their attorney a reply to the summons. Defendant vs. Other plaintiff companies include Stone River Management Co. and Dunstone Co. 9. In a courtroom, the plaintiff is the person or group who is accusing another person or group of some wrongdoing. As nouns the difference between plaintiff and appellant is that plaintiff is (legal) a party bringing a suit in civil law against a defendant; accusers while appellant is (legal) a litigant or party that is making an appeal in court. 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