Sahiwal cows in Pakistan and Australia have recorded around 30 Litres/day yield. The face is long and tapers towards the muzzle, which is usually gray to black. Considering these facts, the present study has been carried out to characterize the Krishna Valley breed of cattle using the molecular marker, such as microsatellites. Kunjpura, Karnal Mugal Majra Road, Kunjpura, Kunjpura, Karnal - 132001, Dist. Having short broad faces with long ears drooping and open to the front. To maintain the performance of these cross breeds at desired level, a large number of progeny tested bulls is required. They are usually white in colour. Brazil, Mexico, USA, and Venezuela have imported these animals where they are being bred successfully. It is a famous draught breed known for its power and endurance. There are over 2,000 Amrit Mahal cows and buffaloes being sheltered in the 8 sub-centres under the administrative limits of Ajjampura centre. The udder is small and tightly attached with the body. Global warming is likely to increase incidences of animal diseases, particularly viral and protozoan diseases in crossbred cattle. Lactation milk yield is around 540 kg ranging from 227 to 1,134 kg. The Vechur cow has now attracted international recognition and attention. Cows and young stock are usually undernourished but bullocks and young male calves ready for sale are well fed. Cows have a small and shallow udder. Umblachery bullocks are used for plowing, carting, thrashing and paddling. Those are Alambadi- Arunachali- Bengali- Burmese Gaur - Cutchi- Devarakota – Devni – Gayal- Gangatiri- Ghumusari- Goomsur– Gujamavu– Hissar –Jellicut- Kppiliyan –Khamala –Khasi- Krishnagiri- Kumauni– Ladakhi– Manapari -Mampati – Mhaswad –Nagami – Nakali– Purnea- Ramgarhi– Sanchori- Shahabadi- Son Valley– Sunandini- Tarai- Taylor- Thillari– Tho Tho– Zosial. It is a high-quality milk protein that is a source of essential amino acids, as well as peptides. All the legs below hocks have white marks either 'socks' or 'stockings' even a portion of hooves is white. The farmers/ dairy owners/ cattle owners are encouraged to rear exotic breeds or increase the population of cross-breed cows with the help of these methods. Yellow Desi Ghee ₹ 340/ Kilogram Get Latest Price. Country: India. Horns : Sweeping horns. Haryana animals are white or light gray in colour. Animals are of Mysore-type, but smaller and more compact. The dewlap is thick, pendulous, and muscular with folds. They are light in built and are developed mainly for carrying out agricultural operations in the uneven and hilly terrain. In bulls, the convexity may be slightly more pronounced. The second most successful group of breeds (in terms of their worldwide distribution) has Indian ancestry. Horns usually emerge in a backward direction from the outer angles of the poll, somewhat in the same manner as in Gir cattle, turning upward and outward and finally backward at the points. The dual-purpose cattle breeds viz. The Amritmahal breed is found in Hassan, Chikmagalur, and Chitradurga districts of Karnataka state in southern India. Lactation length is about 272 days ranging from 238 to 330 days. D Diestrus. Bullocks are small, swift and suited for agricultural operations. Mewati cattle are similar in type to the Haryana but there are traces of the influence of the Gir, Kankrej and Malvi breeds. Top . The tail is long, fine, tapering to a good black switch well below the hock. Thus there is imperative need to develop our indigenous breeds for milk production, draught power etc. The tail is fairly long, thin an flexible ending in a white tuft. Its breeding tract encompasses large parts of Rohtak, Hisar, Jind and Gurgaon districts of Haryana. The Gir animals are also kept at different Gaushalas (cow barns) in Gujarat State. They are characterized by a long and narrow face, flat forehead and a well marked bony prominence at the center of the poll. Skin is tight and black. Lactation milk yield averaged 462.5±12.1 kg. Some white or dark brown animals are also seen. The barrel is generally lighter in color than the rest of the body, especially in bulls. In fact, this record-breaking cow is worth Rs.10 crores. The coat is red at birth, but changes to gray at about 6 months of age. Dr. Keith Woodford, Professor of Farm Management and Agribusiness, Lincoln University, New Zealand brings together at least eight strands to the evidence, with more than 100 relevant papers in the peer reviewed medical and science literature. In cows, udder is moderately developed with small and squarely placed teats. Origin : Karnataka - Mysore. D Kankrej. The sustainability of the remaining diversity of indigenous cattle breeds – the Hallikar, Amrit Mahal, Khillar, Bargur and Malnad Gidda – lies herein, and buffaloes. Amrit mahal. Home tract of this breed is in the Tharparkar district of southeast Sind in Pakistan, These animals are found along the Indo-Pak border covering western Rajasthan and up to Rannof kutch in Gujarat. Ears are pendulous but not so long. There is a close similarity between the Ongole and the Gaolao except that the latter is much lighter with greater agility. Hump is well-developed. Khillar bullocks are highly valued as fast powerful draught cattle, for they can travel miles without showing any sign of fatigue. But with the implementation of these schemes, our own Indian milk cattle pure-breeds are on the verge of extinction. Originally all cow milk was of the A2 type. The ears are small and erect with a sideways orientation and have pointed tips. Presently this market has become Buffalo dominated and few cows are being brought for sale. Head is markedly long and narrow usually tapering towards the muzzle. Average age at first calving is around 1,300 days. Outside their home area, Indian breeds have been most successful in tropical Latin America and Africa. The name Tharparkar has been derived from the place of its origin - the Thar desert. This colour changes to gray at about 6 months of age. These are reared for milk. Nimari cattle are red with large splashes of white on various parts of the body. It was claimed that Gir and possibly Kankrej cattle from Gujarat state, Ongole cattle from Andhra Pradesh state and local cattle having Mysore-type blood were used to evolve the Krishna Valley breed. BREEDS: On the basis of regions the well defined buffalo breeds are: Kathiawar (Gujrat), Gir forest and adjoining areas of Rajasthan & Maharastra, Montgomery (Pakistan), Punjab, Hariana, U.P., M.P., Bihar, West Bengal, Sindh (Pakistan), Jaisalmer, Jodhpur (Rajasthan), East Punjab, Kissar, Karna, Delhi, Gurgaon, Ongole tract of Andhra Pradesh Guntur, Nellore, Light to deep cherry red with or without shades, Rohtak, Kamal, Hissar, Gurgaon, Punjab, Delhi, U.P. Some of the well-known dairy breeds of buffalo found in India and Pakistan are Murrah, Nili-Ravi, Kundi, Surti, Jaffarabadi, Bhadawari, Mehsana, Godawari and Pandharpuri. Milk yield is 1-2 kg per day. This characteristic has given the breed its agility and ease of movement. Punganur breed is short-statured cattle found in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. A1-A2 milk not approved by government. This breed is seemed to have originated from Hallikar or Amrithmahal breed of cattle. Originally the rulers of Mysore State had started an establishment of cattle collected from the prevalent types of cattle within the area for the supply of milk and milk products to the palace. The breed thrived in South America, and in the 1950s Argentina started its own breeding program for the “Nellore Argentino”. A few animals of this breed are also found in Lakhimpur-Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh. Average lactation length is 306 days (range 411 and 530 days). The reasons for the decline in number are selling of animals of Krishna Valley due to continuous drought in the tract and preference of the farmers for Khillari breed which is more attractive and massive in appearance resulted in a lack of Krishna Valley Breeding bulls. Skin is fine and slightly loose. These sales have increased tenfold over a 5 year period from September 2007. In bulls, colour is dark on the shoulders and thighs. The examples of Indian milch breeds are Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Gir and Deoni. On an average, milk contains 4.94± 0.06% fat and 7.80±0.03% SNF. The Kenkatha cattle are small, sturdy and fairly powerful, varying in colour from gray on the barrel to dark gray on the rest of the body. wherever you are in the corner of the Globe…. Eyelids are heavy and overhanging, whereas eyes are small, clear and bright. KrishnaValley is the draught breed of cattle, braving extreme hot, humid climatic conditions and is able to work well in the black cotton soil in the valleys of Krishna river in Karnataka state in India. The dewlap is large fan-shaped, fleshy and slightly pendulous. A weekly animal fair is held at Dhubagha, Lakhimpur - Kheri for the trade of only male animals. Lactation length ranges from 210 to 310 days averaging of about 285 days. Dewlap, sheath and hump: Well developed, hump and dewlap and the sheath is very small ... Small sized, compact, short back, Tight skin. GIR, SAHIWAL, RED-SINDHI, RATHI, HARYANA, THARPARKAR are considered to be very good milk yielders. The sheath also is loose but not pendulous. “The A2 allele gene in Indian milk breeds of cows and buffalos are 100 per cent, while in foreign breeds, it is around 60 percent,” it said in 2011. Muzzle, face and tail switch are usually black but in older animals, the colour looks lighter. Bulls are more docile than females. B Rajasthan. This similarity is not surprising in view of the fact that these breeds lie along the path taken by the Rig Vedic Aryans in their march from the north to the south of India. Indigenous cattle have a bigger dewlap which helps in tolerating high temperature. Most indigenous cattle breeds in the tropics are multipurpose (milk, meat, draught) and that only a few breeds have good milk potential. They have small horns. The tail is fine with a black switch which reaches little below hocks. Sahiwal and Gir. View Answer Answer: Pakistan 33 Salted meat of pig is … These cattle consisted of three distinct strains: Hallikar, Hagalvadi, and Chitaldoorg. However, a genetic mutation, probably between 5000 and 10,000 years ago, has resulted in a proportion of cows of European … Hallikar cattle is typical Mysore type of cattle found mainly in Mysore, Mandya, Bangalore, Kolar, Tumkur, Hassan and Chitradurga district of Karnataka. Horns are short and grow backwards. The coat color of these animals is brown or black with white patches in varying proportions. Many of these breeds have been re-exported to other countries, especially in the tropics, where they generally perform better than the European pure-breeds. The Sahiwal, the best Indian dairy breed, originates from Pakistan and India. Cottonseed, linseed or groundnut is given as concentrates. Documentary: Malenada Gidda By SDM Multimedia Studio Date: 28/05/2018. Meerut, Bulandshahar and Aligarh districts of western Uttar Pradesh also have a sizable population of this breed. Lips are muscular and jaws strong. 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